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  • Sodium-Ion Batteries Have Game-Changing Potential as Supply of Key Material Is Inexhaustible

    Sodium-Ion Batteries Have Game-Changing Potential as Supply of Key Material Is Inexhaustible

    2020-07-06
    A research project jointly executed by scientists at Washington State University (WSU) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) resulted in the creation of a sodium-ion battery that is relatively on par with some commercial lithium-ion batteries in terms of performance. Their report, which was published in ACS Energy Letters on April 28, further opens up the possibility of the commercialization of the sodium-ion battery technology that is based on a ubiquitous and low-cost material. The latest sodium-ion battery can retain an 80% state of charge even after 1,000 cycles The device created by the WSU-PNNL team offers the best performance so far in the record for sodium-ion batteries. Specifically, it has a capacity comparable to that of some commercial lithium-ion batteries and retains 80% of its charge after going through more than 1,000 cycles. The research on the design of the device was headed by Lin Yuehe, a professor at WSU’s School of Mechanical and Material Engineering, and Li Xiaolin, a senior researcher at PNNL. The research was also supported by the Office of Electricity under the US Department of Energy. Imre Gyuk, director of the Office of Electricity, stated that the device created by the WSU-PNNL team represents a huge step forward in the development of sodium-ion batteries. Gyuk further pointed out that the battery market is showing a growing interest in replacing conventional lithium-ion batteries with sodium-ion batteries for many applications. Nevertheless, lithium-ion batteries are currently the dominant battery technology and widely adopted in consumer electronics (e.g., smartphones and laptops), electric mobility (e.g., electric cars), and utility services (e.g., battery storage plants). Despite being everywhere, lithium-ion batteries have limitations that could constrain their development. Their raw materials including lithium and cobalt are costly and rare. The main sources of these two metals are located outside of the US. As demand rises for electric cars and energy storage systems, lithium and cobalt will be increasingly difficult to obtain and could experience considerable price hikes in the future. Also, the supply gap and scalability are significant issues in using lithium-ion batteries to meet the growing demand from the market for grid-scale energy storage. The main advantage of sodium-ion batteries over lithium-ion batteries is that sodium is an element that is cheap and readily available in Earth’s crust and oceans. This battery technology is thus an ideal choice for grid-scale energy storage. However, sodium-ion batteries generally lag behind lithium-ion batteries in terms of performance. This weakness mainly has to do with an inherent shortcoming. Even though there are many prospective cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries, none of them can avoid the issue of the build-up of an inactive layer of sodium crystals on the surface of the cathode. The formation of the inactive layer interrupts the flow of ...
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  • Apple Will Soon Let You Use Your iPhone as a Car Key

    Apple Will Soon Let You Use Your iPhone as a Car Key

    2020-06-24
    Apple announced the latest iOS 14 at annual Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC), it also has a new service that will definitely make many car fans look forward to. That is, the Carkey function, which can unlock and start vehicles with intelligent devices – smartphone. The operating principle of apple Carkey is that the smart device must be paired with the vehicle, and then touch ID or face ID is used for identity verification. After verification, selected the function that you want to start. Finally, the smart device is close to the vehicle to lock, unlock or start the engine of the vehicle through NFC function. If the driver is not the owner himself, the authority of the digital car key can also be shared with relatives and friends by iMessage communication function. If the mobile phone is lost, this function can be turned off through icloud. You can get on the car through your mobile phone instead of searching your car key around in your bag. Apple Carkey can be authorized to five people at most. The owner can further limit the authorized person's horsepower, speed, radio volume, etc. in this way, if a child wants to borrow a car from his parents, he can prevent speeding or racing during driving. In addition, if the mobile phone power is insufficient, the system will reserve five hours of standby power after the shutdown. The apple Carplay interface used by the vehicle will also be updated, including the use of custom tablecloths and electric vehicle related functions, which will change the habits of using vehicles with the upcoming iOS 14. ——Source:carture.com
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  • Global HUD Shipments to Reach 15.6 Million Units by 2025

    Global HUD Shipments to Reach 15.6 Million Units by 2025

    2020-06-29
    With increasing road accidents in the world, the demand for embedded Head-up display (HUD) is rising. HUD ensures easy and safe reading of critical information like car speed, warning signals, indicator arrows for navigation, and fuel level. We estimate that the total global embedded HUD shipment will reach 15.6 million by 2025, with a CAGR of 17% during the 2019-2025 period. The following is our analysis and our forecast of how the global HUD market will behave till 2025. EVs to Account for 16% of HUD Sales by 2025, Regulations Key to Adoption Electric vehicles (EVs) are more tech-savvy than internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, and EV car-buyers are more willing to pay extra for advanced features like HUD. Therefore, we expect EVs to drive the HUD market because the adoption rate of other smart features like Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS), connected car technology, and more, being higher than conventional cars. EVs including battery electric vehicles (BEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) will cover 30% of total vehicle sales by 2025. We expect EVs to account for 16% of total HUD sales by 2025. SUVs and autonomous vehicles are other potential segments for HUDs. In fact, once more L4 autonomous vehicles are introduced in 2023, we expect a rise in the market penetration of HUDs. China to continue to dominate global HUD market till 2025 China is expected to dominate the global HUD market during the forecast period, owing to rising sales of premium and mid-segment cars, which are more likely to have embedded HUDs. Moreover, China will account for a significant share of EV shipments in the world, benefiting HUD sales in the country. The US and Europe are also expected to see good growth during 2019-2025. Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and UAE will contribute more to the rest of the world section (RoW). Integrated and AR-based HUDs to become popular In the future, HUDs will get integrated with the vehicle’s systems and display additional information, including outside weather, On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) information, location search, and smartphone-based app services. The augmented reality (AR) based HUDs will identify blind spots and show timely warnings to prevent accidents. Moreover, holographic pictures will ensure better visibility, sharpness, picture quality. Combiner HUD to Continue Dominate Cheaper combiner HUDs will continue to dominate the global market. However, windshield HUDs will see a much faster growth during the 2019-2025 period. Windshield HUD – projecting images on the vehicle’s windshield – will increase its penetration in the global HUD market because it will be able to display more information with greater visual comfort. The higher cost of windshield HUD is hindering its growth for now, and it will have more penetration on premium segment cars. The combiner HUD – with information displayed on a separate combiner display – will have significant market share in medium and lower seg...
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  • Decoding  Advanced Driver Assist System(ADAS)

    Decoding Advanced Driver Assist System(ADAS)

    2020-06-22
    What is ADAS? ADAS is an umbrella term for an electronic system embedded in a vehicle, designed with a human-machine interface to assist a driver in the process of driving. It monitors the surroundings of the vehicle using inputs from multiple data sources, including automotive imaging, LiDAR, radar, image processing, computer vision, and in-car networking to provide assistance to the driver for a safer and more comfortable driving experience. How does ADAS work? There are five key components powering ADAS functionality. Sensors: Sensors yield real-time, actionable data when connected to a network or cloud in the vehicle. They gather information on their immediate environment, such as pedestrians and oncoming cars. Processors: Processors are used for everything from building a real-time 3D spatial model of a car's surroundings to calculating proximity and threat levels based on the environment. Software: The software algorithms use the input from sensors to synthesize the environment surrounding a vehicle in real-time. The algorithms then provide output to the driver or specify how the system should actively intervene in vehicle control. Mapping: The ADAS mapping function stores and updates geographical and infrastructure information gathered via vehicle sensors to determine its exact location. This function maintains the information and communicates it to system control even if GPS coverage fails. Actuators: The electrification of the actuator system facilitates interaction with other electrical components in the vehicle. With processors to analyze data from vehicle sensors, the ADAS system can make decisions executable by actuators. How does ADAS ensure passenger safety? How does ADAS work? Some key ADAS features include Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Lane Departure Warning Systems, Collision Warning Systems, Blind Spot Detection Systems, Night Vision Systems and Parking Assistance Systems to ensure vehicle safety. Adaptive Cruise Control: Adaptive Cruise Control is based on onboard radar or a laser sensor that is integrated within the engine as well as breaks of the vehicles so that when the system detects any vehicle in its roadway, it automatically slows down and then reaccelerate to the set speed when the path is clear. Lane Departure Warning System: This system uses a small camera mounted near the rearview mirror to recognize the striped and solid lane markings so that whenever the vehicle starts deviating from the lane without an appropriate turn signal, this system triggers an alarm to react to. Collision Warning System: Collision Warning Systems work on an integrated radar, laser and camera systems to generate audio, visual and tactical alerts in case of any possibility of collisions with another vehicle or object. Parking Assistance Systems: This system uses ultrasonic sensors fixed on the front and rear bumpers of the vehicle to detect obstacles while parking and trigger alarm. Night Vision and Pedestrian Detection System: Pedestrian ...
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  • Shining Moment

    Shining Moment

    2020-06-17
    Founded in 1979, with 40 years electronic design manufacturing experience, First International Computer Inc. - FIC has been providing services from joint design, product development, system integration and supply chain management, to R&D support, procurement, production, box-build, sample build, NPI, MP, and other turnkey solution for automotive electronic design manufacturing, we have kept winning numerous awards over years. In 2020, the FIC group has again won the "Best Automotive Electronic Design Manufacturing" and "Best 3C Electronic Design Manufacturing" awards of AI Global Business Excellence in UK, and the augmented reality head-up display ( AR HUD ) and digital instrument cluster were the most attractive and creative inventions to the judges. With the highest respects, FIC with worldwide 4800 staffs and sincerely appreciate for all the supports and encouragements from global partners and customers. Our R&D team, sales engineers, after-sales service teams and thousands of production manufacturing engineers will continue to improve their capabilities and provide better services in order to enhance your automotive electronic products. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of physical activities have been postponed this year, and it's unfortunate that we might not be able to meet with all partners effectively. However, you can still follow FIC from our digital platforms, official website and social media find out the latest news. If you need any assistance, please feel free to contact us, and we look forward to serving you. Thank you! www.fic.com.tw globalmkt@fic.com.tw
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  • Why digital instrument cluster is better?

    Why digital instrument cluster is better?

    2020-06-04
    The car digital instrument cluster replaces the most representative parts of the existing cluster such as indicators and digits with screen, and provides complete freedom to alter the displayed content so that car manufacturers can define exclusive user interface to meet different requirements for the market users. The FIC digital cluster design uses LCD panel as display screen, which provides more powerful 2D/3D graphics and effects than the analogue instrument dashboard. It enhances not only the appearance of car interior with eye-catching graphics and features but also can be connected to the vehicle network, so that multimedia entertainment and basic vehicle information can be more logically displayed on screen; in addition, the simplicity design also leaves more space for better storage compartments. Different models and power vehicles need to be designed and manufactured in different ways for its car dashboard design manufacturing; usually, it is composed by LCD, protection screen, touch screen, backlight and other electronic components. Comparing with the traditional dashboard, the digital cluster information presented on a digital screen is more rich and diverse. The car information, the LCD cluster system and sensors need to work together by adjusting and verifying many times by car manufacturers and designers in order to provide better, safer and more accurate driving information for car users. An experienced automotive digital instrument cluster DMS (design manufacturing service) company is a key to fulfill the full electronics features of the modern automotive cockpit. The level of software expertise needed extends beyond the traditional embedded skill set. Joint design manufacturing and offering such capability to provide exclusive custom made digital cluster design with 2D/3D user interface and QNX software system integration for automotive Tier 1 & 2 electronic suppliers is what FIC does today. First International Computer Inc. Editorial: Jenna Lai / Image: Josephine Lo 2020/06/04
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  • HUDs with LED and Laser Light to Become a Trend in Automotive Application

    HUDs with LED and Laser Light to Become a Trend in Automotive Application

    2020-06-08
    Automotive applications mark a niche market for global LED makers. While the developing electronic vehicle and autonomous driving technology with higher requirement for power saving open more opportunities for LED producers, LED technology progress also supports more application options for automobile manufacturers. Head up display (HUD) which enables drivers to obtain information while looking the frond is an application that can be enhanced through advance LED technologies. A HUD system usually include a picture generating unit (PGU) consisting of an LED array, a thin film transistor production display, a lens system and beam splitter. The units projects images and the images are reflected through fold mirrors and magnified on the windshield or a glass. Currently there are three types of HUDs for the automotive market, combiner HUD, windshield HUD and AR HUD. Combiner HUD has been replacing by windshield HUD and the application of AR HUD is expanding in high-end automobile models. AR HUD outpaces windshield HUD as it offers a longer virtual image distance (VID) which is around 7.5 to 15 meters and a wider field of view (FOV) that enable drivers to focus on the frond road without the need to change vision and attention to the windshield. Power LED or laser lights are critical for HUDs as they need to deliver light that is bright enough for drivers clearly see the projected images and information. Suppliers of the light source components of HUD include OSRAM Continental, Nichia and Episar. ——Source:ledinside.com
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  • Volvo still planning to roll out self-driving tech in cars by 2022 despite virus

    Volvo still planning to roll out self-driving tech in cars by 2022 despite virus

    2020-06-05
    New lidar-based "Highway Pilot" would let people drive eyes-off-road on select highways Volvo is grappling with plant shutdowns and layoffs, but one thing it’s not doing amid the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic is pumping the brakes on autonomous driving development. The Swedish automaker said it will use sensors from Palo Alto, California-based lidar startup Luminar Technologies Inc. for a self-driving system installed in its cars starting in 2022. It’s the first large-scale production contract with a global automaker for Luminar, which counts Volvo as an investor. The technical and economic challenges of lidar sensors, which bounce lasers off objects to guide vehicles, have long been a stumbling block for companies looking to compete in the robotic-car race. Lidar systems have been dogged by problems with bad weather like thick fog or white-out conditions and costs that can run into the thousands of dollars. But Volvo, which is owned by China’s Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., and Luminar say they’re using cheaper and better technology. The carmaker plans to use Luminar’s lidar in Highway Pilot, a new platform enabling hands-free highway driving in its cars. Volvo says its system won’t require drivers to keep their eyes on the road at all times. Volvo is forging ahead despite financial pressure from economic shutdowns triggered by the pandemic. The company eliminated 1,300 salaried jobs last month as part of ongoing changes to its cost structure. “The priorities we had are standing firm,” said Henrik Green, Volvo’s chief technology officer. “We are actually accelerating our transformation into those priorities.” Green said selling cars to individual consumers is the best way to commercialize autonomous technology, rather than betting on robotaxis or automated delivery vehicles. Luminar says it has been able to reduce costs by making all the parts used itself, including chips — which are the single most expensive component. ——Source:driving.ca
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  • The first cars didn't have steering wheels, now steering wheels have capacitive touch sensors

    The first cars didn't have steering wheels, now steering wheels have capacitive touch sensors

    2020-05-30
    Modern steering wheels do more than control which direction a car goes. They're festooned with buttons that drivers can use to make phone calls or change radio stations. But the first cars didn't even have steering wheels, as you're about to learn. The 1886 Benz Patent Motorwagen—generally considered to be the first true automobile—used a tiller instead of a steering wheel. Many other early cars followed the Benz's example. The steering wheel didn't arrive until 1894, when French engineer Alfred Vacheron was looking for an advantage in that year's Paris to Rouen race. Figuring that a steering wheel would provide more precise control, he installed one on his Panhard et Levassor. Vacheron didn't win the race, finishing 11th, but the steering wheel was here to stay. Daimler adopted steering wheels in 1900 with the Phoenix. And just like modern cars, vehicles at the turn of the 20th century had steering wheel-mounted controls, but instead of infotainment functions, they controlled things like ignition timing. Steering wheels changed their look over the ensuing decades, gaining and losing horn rings, and adding power assist and airbags. Chevrolet designers fitted the mid-engine C8 Corvette with a square wheel, while Infiniti uses a steer-by-wire system with no physical connection between the steering wheel and the road. Mercedes began adding buttons to its steering wheels in 1975, when cruise control became standard equipment on the 450 SEL 6.9 sedan. That evolved into what the automaker calls its first "multifunction" steering wheel, which debuted as part of the first-generation COMAND infotainment system on the W220-generation S-Class in 1998. Mercedes added small touchpads to the steering wheel of the 2016 E-Class, and is taking things even further with the mid-size car's 2021 model year refresh. A two-zone sensor mat detects whether the steering wheel is being held, something that needs to be monitored in the age of sophisticated driver aids. Touchpads are also now capacitive, just like on a smartphone. The much-discussed arrival of autonomous driving may mean the end of steering wheels but, for now, they represent valuable dashboard real estate for automakers looking to integrate complex tech features. ——Source:motorauthority.com
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  • Economic Watch: China embraces new infrastructure to catalyze new growth drivers

    Economic Watch: China embraces new infrastructure to catalyze new growth drivers

    2020-06-01
    China has pledged fresh efforts in advancing the construction of new infrastructure projects in a bid to further stimulate new consumption demand and boost industrial upgrading. The country plans to issue 3.75 trillion yuan (about 529 billion U.S. dollars) of special local government bonds this year, up 1.6 trillion yuan from the previous year, with priority given to new infrastructure, new urbanization initiatives and major projects, according to a government work report submitted to the national legislature for deliberation on Friday. In terms of new infrastructure, China will develop next-generation information networks and expand 5G applications, said the report. Also, more charging facilities will be built to promote wider use of new energy vehicles. Rather than resorting to a massive government-led stimulus to shore up growth, China is seeking more targeted investments in projects that facilitate innovation and improve weak areas in economic and social development. The prioritized efforts are expected to not only boost consumption and benefit the people, but also facilitate structural adjustments and enhance the sustainability of growth, according to the report. Take 5G as an example. China's investment in 5G network construction will reach 1.2 trillion yuan in aggregate by 2025, and is expected to leverage about 3.5 trillion yuan of investment in the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain as well as in other areas, according to the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology. Moreover, total economic output indirectly driven by 5G businesses in China will hit 24.8 trillion yuan over the next five years, the academy predicted. To grab the opportunities, local authorities have unveiled massive investment plans for new infrastructure projects including information networks and data centers. Shanghai, for instance, announced that it will invest around 270 billion yuan in its first batch of 48 major new infrastructure projects in the next three years, focusing on the construction of new generation network, innovative infrastructure, artificial intelligence platforms and intelligent terminals. In the period, the metropolis plans to set up 34,000 new 5G base stations and 100,000 smart charging piles for electric vehicles, along with unmanned factories, production lines and workshops. Meanwhile, south China's Guangdong Province has arranged 1,230 major projects this year with a total investment of 5.9 trillion yuan, focusing on 5G telecom networks and inter-city transit systems. Wen Bin, chief analyst at China Minsheng Bank, said construction of projects on 5G, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and cloud computing, among others, is expected to stimulate economic vitality. Industrial observers also noted that with the implementation of these projects, a batch of new infrastructure industrial clusters are expected to spring up. In Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong, authorities are planning to forge eight major ind...
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